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It is commonly referred to as vitamin B6 and also as pyridoxine hydrochloride (pyridoxine HCl). This vitamin plays a major role in various chemical processes in the body, more specifically in the production and proper function of a number of enzymes.
Pyridoxine is also important in the optimum production of blood cells as well as antibodies. Furthermore, vitamin B6 helps in the promotion of healthy digestion and healthy skin. It is necessary in the proper utilization and breakdown of fats, carbohydrates and proteins into forms usable by the body. Finally, pyridoxine (vitamin B6) is integral in the manufacture of niacin (vitamin b3), which is equally important.
Pyridoxine can be adequately obtained from the normal daily diet. There is a wide variety of pyridoxine foods available - wheat germ and eggs are especially high in this vitamin, along with whole grain cereals, fish, peas, spinach, walnuts and sunflower seeds. Meats, chicken, fish and organ meats such as liver and kidneys are good sources of pyridoxine vitamin , as well as bananas, potatoes and avocados.
Because vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is present in many foods, pyridoxine deficiency does not commonly happen. However, severe deficiencies of the drug has been seen in those who exhibit nervousness, depression or irritability. Pyridoxine deficiency can also lead to symptoms that involve inflammations in the tongue and mouth, rashes, dry, cracked lips, skin disorders, weakness or even anemia.
The recommended dosage for pyridoxine depends on the level of the deficiency of the vitamin. However, the recommended daily intakes for adult individuals seems to be between 1.6 to 2.0 milligrams. Pyridoxine supplements are usually given to prevent or treat deficiencies caused by alcoholism or treatment with medications such as isoniazid, hydralazine and penicillamine. In these cases, pyridoxine is usually taken in its pyridoxine hydrochloride supplemental form. Supplements are also given to women for relieving pre-menstrual symptoms such as irritability, breast tenderness and depression. The dosage for pyridoxine as a supplement ranges from 100 to 200 milligrams per day, depending on the condition for which the supplementation is being taken.
Taking pyridoxine supplements can have its side effects. Possible allergic reactions can happen, and these may be characterized by swelling of the lips, tongue or face, hives, or difficulty in breathing. Other side effects of using the supplement has also been reported which include poor coordination, numbness, decreased sense of touch, staggering and tiredness. It is important to get in touch with your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
When taken at higher dosage exceeding 200 milligrams over a long period, pyridoxine can cause possible neurological disorders. These disorders may range from a loss of sensation in the legs to imbalance. Pyridoxine toxicity can cause damage to the sensory nerves which lead to numbness in the hands and in the feet, as well as difficulties in walking.
Pyridoxine is one of the important vitamins in the body. It has also been seen to be therapeutic in treating various conditions. However, as always, you should take proper precautions before taking any supplements. It is always best to consult your doctor and to read the labels before ingesting them.